Extreme Need

The following is excerpted from ExtremeProgrammingIsNotTheOneTrueFaith ...

YAGNI is "only build it if you NEED it". Well to me at least .... - AdamHill

I think I would amend that to say "only build it if you NEED it RIGHT NOW". --BradAppleton

Correct, Brad. YAGNI means "only build it if you need it right now". We don't apply judgment: if our current task can succeed without a thing, we don't build the thing. --RonJeffries

I think I may have some insight behind why YouArentGonnaNeedIt (YAGNI) is such a red-hot bone of contention among many here on the Wiki. I suspect that that YAGNI is perhaps inaccurately named. The premise implied by the YAGNI name can often be dead wrong, however the advice YAGNI gives is often still correct.

I think the key to this is exposed in the above excerpt. The issue is not so much whether or not it will be needed in the future, its whether or not it is needed right now!

Sometimes, we in fact know for a certainty that we are indeed going to need it later. It may not even be a guess, but a pure unadulterated fact. Perhaps we know for sure that we have signed up to do that feature for the increment that is due for delivery six months from today. Or perhaps we have so much experience with our craft, and our domain, and with our customers, that our instinct regarding what will be needed down the road is uncannily accurate (some of us can even produce empirical evidence of our prediction success rate for such features).

I think much of the argument over YAGNI is over whether or not it will be needed. I also think most of that debate is misplaced. I honestly dont feel it matters so much if it will be needed, and how good you are at knowing that. In fact, many times (depending on many factors of course) you really will need it! But whether or not it is, it's not the point we should be belaboring IMHO. Correct me if Im wrong, but I think what CostOfDesignCarry was trying to get at, is that even if I will need it later, that doesn't always mean that I should do it now.

Based on what Ron said above, I should only do it now if the need for it is extreme, meaning it is only needed for the current task (and not necessarily several tasks later on down the line). Hence the name ExtremeNeed. I would humbly suggest ExtremeNeed as a possible alternative to the name YouArentGonnaNeedIt, because I feel the latter name in fact isnt always correct (sometimes you really do need it later) and is more likely to obscure the real issue to focus on (namely, whether or not you have an ExtremeNeed for it).

So, have I hit on something here, or am I way off base? --BradAppleton

I think you have, Brad. I'm now inclined to think people greatly overestimate the odds that they will need something -- and there we go again with the debate! ;-) That debate will likely be brought up by some regardless, but it makes sense not to encourage the tangent. I would suggest a different name, however, something more in the Xp style. What about YouDontNeedIt?? --KielHodges

or something even more powerful, like YouDontNeedItYou?#@@$!@# :-) --JoshuaKerievsky

Im sure folks do overestimate many times as Kiel says. Just as Im sure that many times, there is no guesswork involved: the need for the feature is already a known fact that has been agreed to between customer and supplier - it just isn't scheduled/promised till significantly later on. But there is still the temptation while visiting a piece of code to say "gee - as long as Im here ..." (regardless of whether the "extra" thing is known to be needed, or simply surmised). Which is why I think the focus should be upon the exigency of the need, rather than its (un)certainty.

I agree that ExtremeNeed doesnt sound very rule-like (more like a criteria than an imperative). What about YouDontNeedItRightNow? (or YouDontWantItNow? or SaveItForLater?)? --BradAppleton

Well done, team! YAGNI is what you SAY to yourself to get yourself to do what you gotta do. In YAGNI's case, what you gotta do is stay on track and trust that your other rules will leave the code ready for whatever you need next. Regarding the thing you were thinking of, its time will come and you, and the code, will be ready for it. --RonJeffries
How about YouDontNeedItYet??

In a way it's applying YAGNI to the YAGNI decision. You don't need to know whether you are going to need the feature. You just need to know whether you need it now. That's a much easier and less controversial decision. -- DaveHarris

There's particular merit to this one, even though I have great fondness for the original, having penned it :) Good ideas, gang. -rj

So are you going to refactor the pages to say YDNIY then? It does seem much clearer and harder to object to. -- Aspirant.

I don't know where I heard it, but didn't one of you all say "In XP our motto is get it right the next time." Sounds like a related thought. I know that I have dealt with coworkers in that way.. to avoid controversy as DaveHarris says. We think of something cool to do and I step back and say "Gee, when we get all the stuff done that we really need to do, maybe we can do that." It just turns out that those days never arrive. This is kind of like one of MichaelJackson's rules for optimization: "Don't optimize yet." -- MichaelFeathers

I'll suggest "CertainNeed?", as the issue is the relative certainty of a design need. The term "ExtremeNeed" implies a threshhold much higher that that which I use in decisions like this, though the tie-in to XP is tempting. "ImminentNeed?" had a nice, subjective feel to it, but it has too strong a sense of urgency.


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