Nicolaus Copernicus

Polish astronomer and mathematician.

Is often called the father of modern astronomy. Dethroning Earth from the "Center of the Cosmos" is not a spiritual achievement but a technical one. See KleinBottle. "Are we inside it or outside it?" --PhlIp

Related (in principle): AddingEpicycles, EinsteinPrinciple, JustIsaDangerousWord - Copernicus's fundamental contribution was simplifying astronomical computations with a small shift in assumptions. Admittedly, it was a big shift from religious point of view, and the interplay with religion can teach another useful lesson, but in terms of the model of the universe it was one small change in perspective.

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